Learning Disabilities: How Do We Stop the Stigma?

Learning Disabilities How Do We Stop the Stigma

Too often, students with learning differences are labeled early in their educational careers as lazy or dumb. Learning disabilities may hinder a student in many areas of their lives, from academics and the school environment, to social interactions at home, at school, and elsewhere. There are many professional disciplines that help these students manage their learning differences and develop their strengths, though there is still a dangerous stigma attached to many of these differences.

Learning Disabilities How Do We Stop the Stigma


When students do not fit into the average mold, they are often perceived as dumb by peers and even teaching professionals. Peers may bully students who they perceive as different or stupid. Teachers are frequently under-trained to manage the learning differences of the diverse student populations they serve. Instead of encouraging unique methods and approaches that would better serve their students with learning differences, they often take the easier out and assume any student who cannot keep up with the presentation of information in their traditional classroom is stupid.



Another common assumption made about students with learning differences is that they are lazy. When a student is so overwhelmed by an assignment that they cannot figure out, it can look from the outside like they are just being lazy. In fact, the student is struggling with a higher level cognitive skill known as executive functioning, which includes skills like breaking things down into steps, organizing information, and making decisions. A student may be very focused on the assigned task and have many ideas about how to tackle it, but simply be unable to choose the best one and then break it down into manageable steps so that he knows where to begin.


What can I do to help?

The labels that are placed on students, like “stupid” or “lazy” can have a dramatic effect on them far into the future. When someone is told again and again that they are dumb, they will eventually begin to believe it. Supporting a student with a learning difference can mean helping them to discover their strengths. It can mean helping them to find their true interests, and develop them into a love of learning. It can mean teaching them techniques to help them manage their unique differences and become the best they can be. It means helping them discover that they are neither dumb nor lazy.


There is a lot of work to be done to stop the stigma attached to learn disabilities in our education systems. If you interested in learning more about how you can help students with learning differences, visit the University of Cincinatti Behavior Analysis Graduate Programs Online at http://behavioranalysis.uc.edu/. Do your part to help end the prejudice that pervades our perception of disabilities.

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Calming Your Psyche: Six Tips for Soothing Your Body and Soul

Calming Your Psyche Six Tips for Soothing Your Body and Soul pic

Calming Your Psyche Six Tips for Soothing Your Body and Soul picCalming your body and soul is a very useful method of coping with stress. Learning ways to reduce the amount of stress many people feel each week can have wonderful long effects. Learning to relax can help you live longer, cope better with an unexpected crisis, and even increase your resistance to infection.

Exercise Each Day

Exercise promotes the production of endorphins. Endorphins are chemicals in the body that help promote well-being. Get on that exercise bike or go for that brisk walk. Concentrate on the exercise alone and let the stress leave your body.

Treat Yourself to Something Sweet

Sweet treats provide a moment of indulgence. Buy a serving of cherries or a few ounces of dark chocolate. Savor the food, feeling each rich bite as you eat. These little pleasures are sure to lift your cares.

Take a Weekend Break

A weekend is an ideal time for a short, yet revitalizing getaway. Plan a quick trip to someplace nearby. Pick out a place you’ve always wanted to visit that’s not too far. Go away for two days and come back refreshed and calmer.

Use Water

We are all part water. Water is a natural for a soothing place to settle your psyche. Fill a tub with bubble bath and hop right in. In summer, plunge into a pool or lake for a few hours to ease aching feet and relax your body. In colder months, walk along a stream and listen to the sound of the water and nothing else. Year round, a hot tub leads to great water therapy on many levels. Not only will it relax achy muscles, the gentle bubbling sound will also calm your mind. Visit bullfrogspas.com for a large selection of hot tubs that will suit any budget and not raise your electric bill.

Laugh Long and Hard

Laughter is one of the best ways to release stress. Put on funny cat videos on YouTube. Go to a comedy show. Read a book of silly knock-knock jokes. Start a pillow fight in the middle of the day with someone you love. Laughing is a great way to release tension and ease your spirit fast.

Hang Out with a Pet

Owning a loving pet has been shown to help people live longer and feel happier. Cuddle up with your adored cat or take Fido on a walk. If you don’t have a pet, visit a neighbor who does, or go to your local shelter and see if you can make a brand new friend for life.

Finding ways to remain calm and sooth your psyche isn’t always easy. Life can be tough. But with a bit of thought and some concentration, you can always find room for your own personal inner peace to come out.

All about Compounded Medicines That You Must Know

Turning Heads – Utilising Psychology

There have been several concerns about compounded medicines, especially after some incidents have been reported where these medicines led to serious infections. However, this has also led to confusion amongst patients regarding the difference between compounding and manufacturing. If you do not know the difference, you need to understand the two techniques properly. This will help you take the right decisions and avoid any problems.

Differentiating Between the Two

When we talk about manufacturing medicines, it is related to preparing medicines in large quantities. The process followed, and the drugs used, are approved by the regulating authorities. This means that everything is done according to set rules and regulations, which ensure good quality and proper safety measures at each stage. The medicines are tested several times before being introduced and therefore, the probability of infection or any other side effect is nil.

On the other hand, compounding is creating medicines as per the patient’s requirements regarding concentration of drugs, strength, and the dosage. This is not possible in medicines manufactured by pharmaceutical companies. One important thing that every person should know is that these medicines are not approved. The standards vary from one area to another and thus, the processes and techniques vary as well. This is a concern, as you might not get the same medicine from every compound pharmacy.

What You Must Know

Usually when we talk about medicines, we think of capsules, powders, creams, gels, etc. However, this is not the case in compounded medicines. Most medicines made using this technique are available in liquid form and have to be injected or swallowed. Also, when you approach a compound pharmacy, you will notice that the medicine is made in small quantities as prescribed by the doctor.

There are a number of healthcare organizations that have proper facilities and equipment for making compound medicines. The in-house setup ensures that proper precautions are taken and drugs are used in right quantity. However, those who do not have such setups tie with companies and pharmacists who have knowledge about compounding. They provide all necessary medicines as per the patient, and make sure that there is no shortage of any drug.

Guidelines for Compounding

Even though the rules and regulations vary from one area to other, there are certain bodies that monitor the quality and standards. The compounding pharmacists need to do proper research before preparing any medicine, so that there are no adverse effects on the patients. Also, they are expected to use latest techniques and equipment for better standards. Companies prepare medicines in a safe environment and conduct relevant tests as well.

Healthcare organizations and companies are trying their level best to provide medicines after proper analysis. Companies and pharmacists are using the latest techniques and ensuring timely supply of medicines to the patients. If done with proper safety, compounding is indeed of great use for patients who do not get the desired treatment from medicines manufactured by companies. The need is to understand the process, and make certain that the pharmacist you choose for compounding is reliable and has proper knowledge about all drugs.

Are You Slowly Killing Yourself?

Turning Heads – Utilising Psychology

Everyone wants to live a healthy life and live their life to the fullest. But the way people live now is far different from the way people have lived before. Sometimes you do things you don’t know have a great impact in your health and sadly, you don’t know that they’re taking away minutes and days away from your life every single day.

So ask yourself: am I slowly killing my body?

If your answer is yes, reading what follows should answer the question how? If your answer is no, then after reading this you’d want to answer a definite yes and change for the better.

What’s killing you slowly #1: Your BAD POSTURE

Why, you’re used to leaning or hunching forward all the time. What you don’t know is that bad posture can actually affect your lung capacity by at least 30%. It can even worsen your heart condition too. So if you’re not breathing easy and it’s a real pain for you, you might want to change posture and get a straight back working on it.

What’s killing you slowly #2: You’re SITTING DOWN ALL DAY LONG

Alright, you’re job requires you to face the computer like 8 hours a day with breaks in between like coffee break and the need to pee. But if you’re a woman and you sit as much as 6 hours a day in a chair in one position without even wriggling a toe, research shows that you have a 40% likelihood of dying within 15 years (start counting now). You can sit down all day long BUT remember to stretch out those hands, change positions or just do something. Don’t just stay there or else, you’ll end up dead.

What’s killing you slowly #3: You’re EATING TOO QUICK

You think an hour of lunch break is not enough? Don’t be too haste to get back to work that once you put that food in your mouth, the next thing you’ll do is swallow it. Without even chewing. Eating too quickly can cause you to suffer from excessive gas (it’s very hard to control ad it pains your stomach if you can’t get it all out), acid reflux and bloating. Your brain need at least 20 minutes to know when it’s full so take time to chew, savor the flavor and wait for your brain signals to tell your hands off on spoon or you’ll be upping your chances of being overweight by 84% if you are man and twice likely if you are a woman.

What’s killing you slowly #4: You’re NOT SLEEPING RIGHT

If you can’t shut your eye for at least 6 hours at night, how much more can you get the recommended 8 hours? Do you know that not getting enough sleep increases your risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, stress, depression and dementia? You don’t want to live a life like you’re out of this world just because you’re suffering from disorientation and you’re suddenly Demented Joe or Jane right? So get a bed, make it comfortable, keep it cool, close your eyes and sleep tight. Oh I forgot, sleep right!

What’s killing you slowly #5: You’re WORKING TOO MUCH

If you think you’re Superman or Wonderwoman, I’d say you take a break from all those office and work stuff that you have to deal with. British civil servants who took more than ten hours of their time for work a day were studied and were found out that is 60% likely to develop cardiovascular disease or have a heart attack compare to people who work just seven hours of the day. Remember and always remember, your money would be of no use if you’re lying in bed because of heart attack. So stop being the workaholic that you are and give yourself a break.

What’s killing you slowly #6: You’re WATCHING HOURS of TV

Well just to tell you sweetly, research found out that an hour of TV shortens your life span by 22 minutes. Let’s repeat it. Every hour of TV equals 22 minutes off your life span. If you started watching TV at a very early age, I wonder how many years you have already wasted away just watching. Tsk, tsk, tsk.

What’s killing you slowly #7: You’re EATING MORE RED than GREENS

That only means to say you’re not best friends with fruits and vegetables. A bad habit I’d say. Red meat and unprocessed ones at that, increases the risk of death every year by at least 13%. Too small a number? Yeah. It’s like saying cancer affects 4% of the world’s population and that’s small. Because 4% of 6 billion is 240 million people. Small huh? Well, it’s easier because it’s food. Just don’t forget to cook your red meat well. Invest on hearty eating fruits and vegetables and you don’t have to worry about proper nutrition.

What’s killing you slowly #8: You’re TOO STRESSED

Anxious. Depressed. Tensed. Whatever you call it, it all goes down to one thing: stress. Life can really be stressing. But how you act upon it matters most. All the first seven things that are killing you slowly can actually be because you’re driven by stress deep within your system. Change it. Meditate. Practice breathing techniques. Avoid what’s stressing you. Deal with it. The very moment that you decide to take stress away from your life, then that’s the very time that you will be able to live longer, happier and healthier.

Learn more about this topic by visiting calmclinic.

What is Health Psychology

Turning Heads – Utilising Psychology

Health psychology, sometimes linked to the terms medical psychology and behavioral medicine, is a specialty in the field of psychology that deals with how psychology, biology, behavior, and social factors influence your state of health and illness. Since there are many psychological and behavioral factors that can have an impact on medical conditions as well as your overall physical well-being, it’s only natural that such a specialty would arise.

The American Psychology Association’s Division 38 is focused on health psychology. Division 38’s mission is to focus on getting a better understanding of health and illness, studying how psychological factors can influence health, and contributing to the overall to the health care system and policy.

Changes in behavior can influence a person’s health, such as adopting healthy habits and getting rid of habits that are detrimental to one’s well-being. Health psychology studies the effects of such behavior, including current issues like stress reduction, quitting smoking, losing weight, better nutrition and eating habits, decreasing risky sexual behavior, and hospice care.

Since mental health can affect physical health, it’s no surprise that there’s a need for health psychologists

Specialties Within A Specialty
While health psychology is a specialty within the field of psychology, the former also has its own specialties. The four common specialties of health psychology are Community, Public, Clinical, and Occupational. Community health psychologists focus on prevention techniques and interventions at the community level, while Public health psychologists work on health issues at a population level, often advising government agencies, health care professionals, and educators. Clinical health psychologists focus on subjects such as behavior modification, psychotherapy, and behavior modification. Finally, Occupational health psychologists deal with how workplace issues affect physical and mental illness.

Becoming A Health Psychologist
For starters, a health psychologist usually have a doctoral degree in Psychology. Often, psychologists who are interested in specializing in health psychology get general psychology training in their undergraduate and doctorate levels, and then get specialty training in their post-doctorate or intern levels.

Still, these paths aren’t set in stone, as there are programs out there that offer training in health psychology at all levels. Aspiring health psychologists should check into the programs over a wide selection of learning institutions, since each one will have different formats, instruction content, and emphases.

Available Careers
Whether you’re interested in working in a clinical setting, conducting research, or shaping public policy, there’s a good range of career opportunities in the field of health psychology. Health psychologists are found in hospitals, clinics, universities, or government institutions.

Some health psychologists are found working in one particular area of health care such as women’s health, pain management, stress reduction, or smoking cessation. Others are found at the government level, influencing public health policy or administering community health programs.

Is It A Good Career Choice?
According to Division 38, there is a strong demand for health psychologists due in part to the increased hiring of psychologists by hospitals and other medical facilities. Since so many different types of institutions hire psychologists these days, the health psychologist has a broad range of possible employment opportunities, including colleges, rehab centers, government agencies, and mental health clinics.

John Terra has been writing freelance since 1985 and writes on just about everything from office furniture to gaming to online reputation management.

Photo Credit: deadstar

Find ways to Get Medical Professional All Medications and Supplements


There can be some adverse side effects if you take more or less than you are supposed to take. If you take less than the recommended dose, the main issue that you will see is that the medication probably just is not going to work. This can be frustrating because you were counting on the relief that it promised. If you take too much, you could feel sick and nauseated. The effects could be too strong. With certain medications, overdosing means that you need to go to the hospital or you could be in very real danger. (more…)

How to Overcome Eye Strain When Working on a Computer All Day



Computers are part of our modern working environment and many of us spend most of our work hours each day sitting at a desk and looking at a screen.

This can have quite a detrimental effect on your health overall and can cause eye strain if you do not take steps to protect yourself in a number of ways.

 The prospect of injuring yourself 

Sitting for long periods of time at a computer can be really tough on your body and posture. Many of us sit in positions that are not natural for our body and this puts a strain on your hands, wrists, back and of course, your eyes.

The chances are that if you persist in this daily activity for a prolonged period of time you may well experience an element of pain and leave yourself susceptible to an injury known as Repetitive Strain Injury, attributed to overuse of certain parts of the body through repeating the same physical action.

 Good posture

 The way that you sit at your desk and angle that you adopt is very important to the potential damage or injury you may leave yourself vulnerable to. You should aim to sit square in your chair with your behind firmly positioned in the middle of the seat and not perched on the edge or on either side.

Your legs should be bent at the knees and be resting on the floor and your back should ideally be touching the back of the seat at all times. It is all too easy to slouch or lean over the keyboard whilst typing but with a chair that has lower-back support you should be able to counteract this.

Protecting your eyes

 Always aim to have your eyes checked at least every 12 months or at least every 2 years at the very most, especially if you are spending a substantial amount of time looking at a screen as part of your working day.

 Eye strain can be avoided with the right glasses or if you prefer, you can get contact lenses without a prescription in order to make sure that your eyes can cope with the stress of looking at screen for long periods and the glare that is not always apparent to the naked eye.

Typing tips

 The best angle for typing at is with your elbows bent at 90 degree angles and with your wrists straight and not angled up or down, with your fingers resting gently on the keys of the keyboard.

If it feels like you are having to stretch your fingers to reach the keyboard, then make sure that you move the keyboard closer to you.  If possible, keep your fingers and wrists level with your forearms and consider using a wrist rest to help you stay in the right position.

If you experience any type of persistent pain in your wrist at any time then get it checked out by a doctor and also try to review your posture and typing position to alleviate the problem.

Eye strain is something that can be possibly avoided or at least reduced with the right measures, so give your eyes the best chance of staying healthy by adopting a good posture and protecting your vision while working at a computer screen.

 Sarah Cole is an office designer. She loves to share her best tips for feeling better at work on small business blogs.

How to Use Tech in a Workplace to Train Employees

tech in work place

The last thing employees want is another boring training as they struggle to stay awake causing them to tune out new regulations, updated information and key factors that resulted in the training in the first place.  Did you know, many employees are challenged in maintaining attention and being able to retain vital information when it is delivered ineffectively? “Not another boring training” is oftentimes the first thing that crosses an employee’s mind when their employer requires mandatory training.  As a result, employers are challenged in developing more motivating, creative, appealing, interesting and enjoyable training and development programs that can change their employee’s outlook on mandatory trainings and other training opportunities within an organization. 

How Businesses Use Technology in Training Today’s Workforce

To remove the boredom from training, more employers are incorporating more engaging and effective approaches in their training and development programs.  In 2011, the American Society for Training and Development reported U.S. businesses spent approximately $156 billion on employee training.  From online tutorials, web tools, teleconferences and virtual programs, employers are able to tap into diverse learning styles to enhance learning.  Keep in mind, there are many ways in which technology can be used in training and development programs.  First and foremost, organizations are able to use technology within training to connect employees across the organization.  Regardless if the training is conducted at the corporate headquarters or an employee at another location in a different state needs to participate in the training, employees are able to participate in the training through the capabilities of telephones and computers.  In addition to this, the capabilities of various technology, allows employers to record a training session so employees are able to access the training at a later date if they are unavailable to attend the live session.  This is often done through a webinar feature on the computer or recording capabilities available on phone systems.  However, for many employers, conducting trainings in a classroom setting remains to be popular.  This form of training has proven to be very effective over the years.  Needless to say, to engage employees, technology has been incorporated within the traditional classroom environment.  Rather it’s through the use of slideshow presentations presented on large screens and also videos. It is not uncommon to see this form of technology implemented within the traditional classroom as a teaching aid.

Benefits of Incorporating Technology in Training

Although there are many benefits in implementing technology in training programs, the ultimate objective is to ensure information is delivered to employees in a way that equips employees to be more effective, enhances skill sets, improves job performance, creates a safe working environment, and educates employees on policies and procedures that are needed to be most successful within their job.  Here are some other benefits technology can offer when incorporated within company training programs:

  • Offers flexibility and convenience
  • Facilitates collaboration across the organization
  • Easily accessible through the use of wireless phones and tablets
  • Employees are able to work at their own pace
  • Encourages team building among employees at different levels within the company
  • Connects employees throughout the organization regardless of location
  • Can prove to be cost-effective for organizations

Technology within training programs is essential for employers today.  Due to the rising demand of organizations revamping their training and development programs, there will continue to be a need for individuals that possess the skills to assist organizations in achieving this goal.  As a result, individuals possessing a background in instructional design and technology will have a competitive edge in aiding organizations in implementing technology within corporate training and development initiatives.

Your Psychology: Five Ideas for Better Managing Your ADHD

your psychology

your psychologyADHD is one of the least sunderstood illnesses millions of adults struggle to manage. The condition doesn’t necessarily mean that one is unable to accomplish great things; it just means that one will have to adapt. If you are struggling with ADHD, you know all too well how frustrating the condition can be. Here are five ideas for better managing your ADHD.

Create a routine or schedule.

Putting a schedule together will help you remain focused. While it may be an adjustment when implemented in the beginning stages, it will get much easier over time. You will adapt to the new routine in no time. As you develop your schedule, be sure to schedule in sufficient downtime to avoid crashing and burnout.

Make sure that you are getting enough sleep.

Sometimes not being able to sleep well can make it harder to manage ADHD symptoms. This is especially important if the person is on any form of medication. This is how physicians are able to gauge whether or not the medication is working properly.

Set attainable goals.

While it may be easier for those not suffering with the condition to achieve a lot of things in a given day, a person with ADHD should consider revisiting their goals. Trimming down the list of tasks and allocating a specific amount of time to completing the tasks will make you more effective. Additionally, you may find it helpful to schedule “rewards” or “privileges” to keep you motivated.

Post reminders.

Some people benefit from having visual cues to remain on track. Prioritize everything you want to accomplish and create visual reminders throughout your environment to keep you aware. Whenever an impulse to deviate from the plan occurs, a person can be inspired to regain focus and remain on task.

Incorporate herbs into your diet.

Low levels of zinc in the system have been shown to lead to impulsivity and hyperactivity in those with ADHD and supplements can boost those levels.Lavender has already been proven to relieve tension. Kava-kava is another herb that works for ADHD patients by reducing anxiety. Licorice is recommended for hyperactive individuals and can help regulate moods. Fish oil can be taken to help improve organizational skills. If you are interested in herbal help, do some research to find the best natural remedies for you.

Many people go on to be successful in spite of having ADHD. Once you have accepted the condition, you are in a great place to empower yourself to become better. As you learn to manage your condition, you will become more productive. You may even become inspired to help others.

Reference: http://www.nativeremedies.com/products/focus-formula-childrens-herbal-adhd-remedy.html?utm_campaign=ADHDremedy&utm_medium=organic&utm_source=guestblog&utm_content=FOCprodpage

The Power of Words: How Your Words Impact Those Around You

the power of words

the power of wordsMany people believe that the things they say do not have an impact on others. That is why they are so loose with their words and criticism. However, it is impossible to comprehend just how negatively a few choice words can be perceived by someone else. That is why it is always a good idea to be caring and considerate both with actions and words, especially towards the people that you care about.

Listen Instead of Constantly Giving Your Opinion

We all enjoy to talk and to have other people listen to us. If you are the type of person that likes to be the center of attention, it is likely that you will spend most of the time being the one who talks. In this case, those close to you will begin to feel as though their opinions do not matter to you. During a debate, discussion, or a general conversation about any topic, it is important to let the other person’s voice be heard. Even if you believe that you have a better understanding of the subject at hand, there is nothing wrong with allowing someone else to feel important.

Do Not Divulge Your Friends’ Secrets

Gossip is something that we are all prone to on occasion. Whether it is about the annoying next-door neighbor, or someone that you used to be friends with, some take pleasure in discussing the misfortunes of others. However, it is NEVER a good idea to gossip about your friends and family. Even if you believe that the topic being discussed is harmless, it is not up to you to speak for another person, especially when they are not there. If they have told you something, it is likely to have been in confidence. What is meaningless to you could bear great importance to another person. Instead of gossiping about others, focus on the good things in your life and look to make strides in both your professional and personal worlds.

Be Kind to Others

There are times when you will meet people who you believe are beneath you. These people may have physical flaws, or they may be struggling in their professional lives. While it is okay to form such opinions in your head, it is not a good idea to express them with words. Do not put down a person, no matter how well you think you know them. Make sure you’re kind to people who may be overweight, or may be struggling with other personal demons.

It is amazing the power words can have both on your brain and on the brain of your friends. Take care to use your words in a good way, so as not to bring down those around you.